Come 2013, there will be a new format for admission to all central
government-funded engineering institutions — IITs, NITs, IIITs etc.
There will be now one common entrance test, the Joint Entrance Examination
(JEE), which will replace the old IIT-JEE and AIEEE. It will give more weightage
to Std XII exam results and comprise of two objective type tests — JEE-Main and
JEE-Advanced — which will be conducted the same day.
The JEE merit list will be prepared on the basis of cumulative total of marks of
Std XII, Main and Advanced. The Main will have multiple-choice questions, while
the nature and modalities of the Advanced will be determined by the IITs’ Joint
Admission Board (JAB).
For the IITs, only the top 25% who are above the cut-off and get the highest
percentile on the basis of Std XII marks and JEE-Main will be screened for a
special JEE-Advanced; 50% weightage will be given to Std XII marks and 50% to
JEE-Main scores. The IIT merit list will be prepared on the basis of the special
But seat and course allotment for all IITs will be held together in joint
For the NITs, IIITs and other central government-funded engineering colleges,
there will be no screening test. Their merit list will be based on Std XII marks
for which 40% weightage will be given. Main and Advanced scores will have 30%
At the end there will be two lists, one for IITs and one for other institutes.
However, all students will be ranked, and IIT ranked students can also apply to
other engineering institutions based on this list.
The CBSE will conduct the JEE. The states will have the freedom to join the
process for admissions in their engineering colleges and the autonomy to
determine their own relative weightages to Std XII marks, and performance in
Main and Advanced.
According to human resource development minister Kapil Sibal, Gujarat,
Maharashtra and Haryana have already decided to adopt this new model for their
engineering exams from 2013.
The decision was announced following a meeting of the Joint Councils of IITs,
NITs and IIITs, with the Federation of Faculty of IITs.
The battle between the IITs and the government has been a long-drawn-out one.
Opposing Sibal's move, the IITs had felt that a single JEE may dilute their
quality of students and were demanding a separate test to further screen
students best suited for IITs.
“The kind of academic training given in IITs is different from AICTE syllabus.
Hence, the mindset and aptitude of the students too has to be different. Which
is why we needed a separate examination for IITs,” said Sanjay Dhande, director
of IIT-Kanpur. The IIT Council has, however, agreed to move to the
one-nation-one-exam format by 2015 with IITs too following the same pattern as
NITs, IIITs etc.
To prevent any disadvantage to the previous batches of Std XII, it has been
decided that those who appeared for the Std XII exam in 2012 can improve their
performance by reappearing for the same in 2013.
“The new system will be a dampener for coaching institutes. It will also reduce
the mental and financial stress on students by preventing multiple entrance
exams and reduce the discretion of engineering colleges and capitation fee,”